A Greek prototype of port governance

In the last year of the 20th century, Greece embarked on a major program of port governance reform. While developments were initially limited to devolution of control to corporatised port authorities, the most recent years (2008–2016) have been eventful. The arrival of a global container terminal operator (2008), the selling of the country's major port authority (Piraeus) in 2016, and the setting of national level monitoring institutions reshaped the Greek port system. This study revisits the first wave of reforms and examines the port governance configurations and the reform process as it unfolded over the last decade. This discussion includes an examination of the background conditions (port sector developments, economic and political context,) aiming to understand the foundations of the endorsed decisions and of the apparent delays to progress announced reform programs. The paper also discusses the evolution of the container ports market in Greece, recording the increased market concentration that followed the concession of the Port of Piraeus terminal, as well as the different trends (as regards throughput, investments, and commercial relations) that were observed in the case of the privately operated container port. Compared with the models endorsed in other countries, the analysis demonstrates the presence of a unique—in many respects—Greek prototype. The national level institutional setting, defined as the rules, norms, and economic and social context within which reforms were endorsed, have had a causal effects on the choices made and the structures of port governance endorsed.


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  • Accession Number: 01635857
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 25 2017 2:03PM