FACTORS INFLUENCING KNEE RESTRAINT
A planar mathematical model was developed to provide means of studying factors which can influence the function of lower torso restraint via a padded lower instrument panel or knee bolster. The following factors were judged to play the most significant role: (1) initial fore-and-aft position of the seated occupant relative to the knee restraint; (2) location of the knee-to-bolster contact; (3) angular orientation of the bolster face; (4) primary axis of the bolster resisting force, (5) variations in vehicle crash parameters; and (6) deformation characteristics of the bolster. The model of a seated occupant included radiographic and empirical data on the anatomy of the links and joints in the lower extremity. Emphasis was also placed on determining a range of reference location, orientation, and primary axis of resistance of the knee bolster so that an effective restraint may be provided for the 5th percentile female, 50th percentile male, and 95th percentile male occupant.
- From the February 26-March 2, 1979 Meeting.
Warrendale, PA USA 15096
- Culver, C C
- Viano, D C
- Publication Date: 1979
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 18 p.
- Society of Automotive Engineers Preprint
- Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers
- TRT Terms: Automobiles; Constraints; Human factors; Knee restraints; Mathematical models; Safety equipment; Vehicle occupancy
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00301506
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Engineering Index
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 790322
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 27 1979 12:00AM