Australian shipping policy: what drives or constrains success?

The paper examines the ‘success’ of Australian shipping policy over the past half century, addressing the areas of Australian international and coastal shipping, Tasmania services and regulation of liner services. Technical policy areas, including safety and the marine environment, are beyond scope. In each area considered, success is assessed by reference to: statistical trend information covering, variously and as available, activity growth, investment, cost of services and international comparisons; and through a historical narrative that centres on transport policy objectives and their achievement. The paper then compares policy performance using a conceptual framework from an earlier paper by the author (ATRF 2012). This identifies success factors for Australian transport policy of: a higher level non-transport policy goal that is accepted by governments in the federal system and to which the transport policy contributes; leadership by relevant governments; and policy persistence over time, notwithstanding periodic changes of party in government. Tasmania services policy has been sustained for 40 years by a ‘federalism’ rationale, while liner regulation policy has for 50 years contributed to a higher level goal of economic growth through trade. A broad economic rationale underpinned international and coastal shipping policy from the 1950s through the 1980s, as a strategic industry that it was important to both grow and make more efficient. However, this rationale disappeared in the 1990s and has largely not been replaced. Strong transport policy design that acknowledges competing objectives is also a notable ‘leadership’ feature in Tasmania services policy and liner regulation policy, while this has been largely absent from international and coastal shipping policy.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 30p
  • Monograph Title: 38th Australasian Transport Research Forum (ATRF 2016), Melbourne, 16th - 18th November 2016

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01627403
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Feb 27 2017 10:05AM