From an analysis by renault safety research of more than 2500 traffic accidents, it appeared that the consequences of accidents were appreciably less serious in the case of rear-end collisions than in other kinds of collisions. In overturning accidents, 40 per cent of occupants who were thrown out of the vehicle were killed, as compared with only 1 per cent of those who were not thrown out. It appeared that in the case of front-to-side collisions the occupants of the vehicle suffering a sideways impact were particularly at risk, indicating the need for strengthening the side members of vehicle bodies. 60 per cent of all collisions are of the head-on type, of which collisions with a solid obstacle led to the greatest number of fatal casualties. In the course of a theoretical investigation to answer the question why the occupants of a vehicle which suffered less deformation were more often severely or fatally injured than the occupants of grossly deformed vehicles, it came to light that the American "standard crash" test used in accident simulation to test the safety of vehicles is unrepresentative of real situations. The investigators tested various forms of collision test, using different types of vehicle and different obstacles. That which most closely corresponded to reality was deemed to be the 60 deg barrier collision at a speed of 50 km/h. If the American "standard crash" test is not changed, European exporters will be obliged to develop more costly vehicles which possibly will fall short of the optimum safety performance. /TRRL/

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Hochschule fuer Verkehrswesen "Friedrich List"

    Friedrich-List Platz 1
    Dresden 801,   Germany 
  • Authors:
    • Wanzke, E
  • Publication Date: 1978-2


  • German

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 105-114
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00301025
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 27 1979 12:00AM