Energy-Efficient Downlink Transmission for Multicell Massive DAS with Pilot Contamination

In this paper, the authors study the energy efficiency (EE) of a downlink multicell massive distributed antenna system (DAS) in the presence of pilot contamination (PC), where the antennas are clustered on the remote radio heads (RRHs). The authors employ a practical power consumption model by considering the transmit power, the circuit power, and the backhaul power, in contrast to most of the existing works which focus on colocated antenna systems (CASs), where the backhaul power is negligible. For a given average user rate, the authors consider the problem of maximizing the EE with respect to the number of antennas of each RRH n, the number of RRHs M, and the number of users K and study the impact of system parameters on the optimal n, M, and K. Specifically, by applying random matrix theory, the authors derive the closed-form expressions of the optimal n and find the solution of the optimal M and K under a simplified channel model with maximum ratio transmission. From the results, the authors find that, to achieve the optimal EE, a large number of antennas is needed for a given user rate and PC. As the number of users increases, EE can be improved further by having more RRHs and antennas. Moreover, if the backhauling power is not large, a massive DAS can be more energy efficient than a massive CAS. These insights provide a useful guide to the practical deployment of massive DASs.


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  • Accession Number: 01629790
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 23 2017 5:18PM