Fault Diagnosis for Electric Drive Systems of Electrified Vehicles Based on Structural Analysis

Functional safety is of great importance for electric and hybrid electric vehicles (EV/HEVs). One way to improve functional safety of EV/HEVs is to develop reliable and robust onboard diagnostics (OBD) so that, once a component fault is detected, effective remedial actions are taken to avoid system failures. In this paper, the authors develop a systematic model-based diagnostic approach based on structural analysis for electric drive systems that can form the basis of OBD design for EVs. The structural analysis approach for fault detection and isolation (FDI) evaluates a system's structural model, using the mathematical model of the system in matrix form, from which it is possible to determine the analytic redundancy and to design the structured residuals. In this paper, the authors demonstrate the application of this methodology by carrying out the design of a diagnostic approach for permanent-magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) drive systems of EVs, with specific focus on sensor fault diagnosis. The diagnostic approach is first verified through a simulation study on the EcoCAR2 vehicle, which is a plug-in HEV developed by the Center for Automotive Research at The Ohio State University, and is then further validated through an experimental study on a test bench consisting of a three-phase inverter enabled by the TMS320F28035 digital signal processor and a PMSM.


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  • Accession Number: 01629582
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 21 2017 9:14AM