MEASUREMENTS OF UNREGULATED EMISSIONS FROM GENERAL MOTORS' LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES
Sampling and analysis methods for unregulated exhaust constituents are discussed. Emission results for more than fifteen exhaust constituents from both gasoline- and diesel-powered automobiles are presented. It is shown that the catalytic converter substantially lowers the emission rates of aldehydes, benzene, benzo(a)pyrene, hydrogen cyanide, and nitrogen dioxide. However, under certain rich-malfunction conditions, small increases in hydrogen sulfide, carbonyl sulfide, hydrogen cyanide, and ammonia occur. Particulate emissions are the primary concern for diesels since other unregulated emissions occur at the same low levels as from gasoline-powered vehicles. It is concluded that although steady improvements in chemical analysis technology have led to the detection of more and more minor impurities in exhaust, none of these substances are emitted at concentrations that can be considered dangerous.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- CADLE, S H
- Nebel, G J
- Williams, R L
- Publication Date: 1979-6
- Pagination: 20 p.
- TRT Terms: Aldehydes; Automobiles; Benzene; Catalytic converters; Diesel engines; Exhaust gases; Gasoline engines; Hydrogen sulfide; Nitric oxide; Nitrogen oxides; Particulates; Pollutants
- Old TRIS Terms: Emission rates
- Subject Areas: Highways; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00308714
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 790694
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: May 21 1980 12:00AM