CHILDREN AND ROAD SAFETY. A LITERATURE REVIEW IN CONNECTION WITH BURNING ISSUES

BARN OCH TRAFIKSAEKERHET. LITTERATURGEONOMGAANG I ANSLUTNING TILL AKTUELLA FRAAGESTAELLNINGAR

The objective of this report is to discuss methods frequently employed in children and traffic accident research. The report touches upon the following issues: (1) background data, its availability and quality, (2) how statistics are employed in descriptive and causal topics, (3) methods used in data analysis, (4) hypothesis testing, (5) frequently encountered topics of discussion, (6) a summary of relevant and often quoted research reports. The background data displays obvious and severe deficiencies. Several investigations have shown that only about 50% of all traffic accidents are reported to the police, and that the reporting frequency varies considerably between age groups. A comparison of reporting rate among children and elderly people shows that reporting rate for elderly people is four times the child reporting rate. The forms comprising information on reported accidents do not lend themselves to statistical analysis. The reason for this is the character of the data in the form, since almost all measurements are restricted to nominal or ordinal scales. The methods of analysis which are employed are those of simple frequency representation. But also more "sophisticated" statistical methods such as matching, chi square tests and regression analysis are employed. As far as topics of discussion are concerned, there are two main issues: (1) child instructions and (2) changing the traffic environment. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Nottingham University, England

    Department of Statistics
    Nottingham NG9 3FQ,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Broberg, E
    • Elofsson, S
    • Jaervheden, B
  • Publication Date: 1975

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Pagination: 55 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00307565
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 22 1980 12:00AM