THE YAW STABILITY OF TRACTOR-SEMITRAILERS DURING CORNERING: SUMMARY
The yaw stability of tractor-semitrailers in steering-only maneuvers is examined by means of computer simulation and full-scale tests. The tests included as-designed vehicles as well as vehicles modified with frame and front suspension stiffening elements installed. Results show that while tractor yaw instability can occur well below the rollover threshold for certain vehicles, modified stiffness parameters can eliminate such premature yaw instability. Simulation study of the influence of design and operating variables on tractor yaw stability served to classify the relative importance of different suspension stiffness options, as well as tire mix, fifth wheel placement, and trailer loading practices. Results show that remarkably low levels of tractor yaw stability are possible with certain combinations of design and in-use variables. A set of measurements of tractor-semitrailer ride vibrations is also reported as an add-on task to this study.
- See also report dated June 79, PB80-116775.
Highway Safety Research InstituteHuron Parkway and Baxter Road
Ann Arbor, MI USA 48109
Washington, DC USA 20590
- Ervin, R D
- NISONGER, R L
- MALLIKARJUNARAO, C
- Gillespie, T D
- Publication Date: 1979-6
- Pagination: 24 p.
- TRT Terms: Control; Dynamic loads; Handling characteristics; Loading and unloading; Loads; Maneuverability; Motor vehicles; Safety; Simulation; Stability (Mechanics); Steering; Suspension systems; Tests; Tires; Tractor trailer combinations; Traffic crashes; Trailers; Truck tractors; Vehicle design; Vehicle performance; Vibration; Yaw
- Uncontrolled Terms: Handling; Loading; Motor vehicle accidents
- Old TRIS Terms: Cornering (Vehicle); Loading procedures
- Subject Areas: Design; Highways; Motor Carriers; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00305741
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UM-HSR-79-21-1 Final Rpt., DOT-HS-805-140
- Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-7-01602
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Feb 27 1980 12:00AM