ACCIDENT CAUSATION METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR THE NATIONAL ACCIDENT SAMPLING SYSTEM

This is the final report of a research program entitled "Accident Causation Methodology Development for the National Accident Sampling System". With implementation currently underway of a National Accident Sampling System (NASS) to provide nationally-representative data on traffic accidents, this research was undertaken as one of several steps required in the development of an overall analysis system for NASS. The report explores issues related to the design of statistical methods to estimate the determinants of traffic accidents using NASS data; recommends criteria for selecting pre-crash variables for use in analysis; identifies relevant exposure measures, decision rules for their definition, and data sources; discusses a method of estimating multi-dimensional contingency tables from supplementary margins of varying detail and drawn from different samples which "represent" the same population; and demonstrates analysis procedures for handling some of the peculiar problems of traffic accident data analysis and rate computation. Results of a field trial of a preliminary methodology design are reported, along with recommendations for further development. A basic design for a causation methodology appropriate to NASS is recommended.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Indiana University, Bloomington

    Institute for Research in Public Safety
    Bloomington, IN  USA  47401

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • Squires, M L
    • HUME, R D
    • Hochberg, Y
    • Joksch, H
    • Reidy, J
  • Publication Date: 1979-6-9

Media Info

  • Pagination: 214 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00305725
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-805-102 Final Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-7-01690
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Feb 27 1980 12:00AM