Passive restraints for front-seat occupants will be required in all cars after September 1, 1983. Either an air bag or an automatic seat belt, the two prominent systems being considered, will serve this function. A solid chemical, sodium azide, will be used to generate the gas to inflate the air bag. These systems offer life-saving and injury-prevention potential; however, the Department of Transportation's quantification of the benefits lends a degree of certainty not fully supported by the test data. Industry's testing indicates that a deploying air bag may be a danger to out-of-position occupants. The Department should perform additional testing to determine if modifications are needed to the Federal standard to address this problem. In addition, the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Labor should give high priority to assure research is performed to measure the health and safety risks in the production and disposal of sodium azide.

Media Info

  • Pagination: 136 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00304259
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: CED-79-93
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 19 1981 12:00AM