TECHNOLOGY FOR COMMERCIAL RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT

A general analysis of transportation requirements for postfission radioactive wastes that are produced from the commercial light water reactor (LWR) fuel cycle and that are assumed to require Federal custody for storage or disposal is given. Possible radioactive wastes for which transportation requirements are described include: spent fuel, solidified high-level waste, fuel residues (cladding wastes), plutonium, and non-high-level transuranic (TRU) wastes. Transportation is described for wastes generated in three fuel cycle options: once-through fuel cycle, uranium recycle only, and recycle of uranium and plutonium. The geologic considerations essential for repository selection, the nature of geologic formations that are potential repository media, the thermal criteria for waste placement in geologic repositories, and conceptual repositories in four different geologic media are described. The media are salt deposits, granite, shale, and basalt. Possible alternatives for managing retired facilities and procedures for decommissioning are reviewed. A qualitative comparison is made of wastes generated by the uranium fuel cycle and the thorium fuel cycle. This study presents data characterizing wastes from prebreeder light water breeder reactors using thorium and slightly enriched uranium-235. The prebreeder LWBRs are essentially LWRs using thorium. The operation of HTGR and LWBR cycles are conceptually designed, and wastes produced in these cycles are compared for potential differences. (ERA citation 04:042392)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Batelle Memorial Institute/Pacific Northwest Labs

    Battelle Boulevard, P.O. Box 999
    Richland, WA  United States  99352

    Department of Energy

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Publication Date: 1979-5

Media Info

  • Pagination: 547 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00304091
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Contract Numbers: EY-76-C-06-1830
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 19 1980 12:00AM