TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGY: INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS OF TRANSPORT

INGENIERIA DEL TRANSPORTE: INTRODUCCION A LA ECONOMIA DEL TRANSPORTE

In order to establish the principles upon which the setting up of transport tariffs are based, it is necessary to state certain economic conditions of transport and to define the meaning of the term "transport" and certain other terms in relation to transport and to analyse briefly both the function and the effects of transport on the political, social and economic plan, where the transport sector leads to an increase in markets and a reduction in prices, establishing an equilibrium in the provision of articles and influencing their production and the distribution of the national revenue. A rapid analysis of the different transport modes and their operation as a service to the community has led the researchers to stress the increasingly pronounced character of the transport sector as a public service, particularly the railways. This has led them to study the intervention of the government in this field and the related problems of competition and monopoly. On these bases, a study has been carried out of the problem of the fixing of railway tariffs, which is thought to be a question of establishing an equilibrium between supply and demand for transport. Thus an analysis of the supply (cost of production, specific charges and costs of each item) and demand in the transport service leads to the conclusion that the determination of a railway tariff may be based on the following considerations: (1) the individual tariff for each item and the general level of profits determining the value of service: equilibrium between supply-demand. (2) the general level of profits should balance with the cost of transport. (3) it is essential to know the costs of loading and transit services. (4) the basis for fixing particular tariffs and profits taken together should give the general level of profits. (5) the profits from special tariffs represent the distribution of the general level of profits between the different items. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    National University of Colombia

    Facultad de Ingenieria, Prog de Investigaciones del Transp
    Bogota,   Colombia 
  • Authors:
    • Ramirez, M
  • Publication Date: 0

Language

  • Spanish

Media Info

  • Features: Tables;
  • Pagination: 35 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00302371
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 11 1981 12:00AM