Finite Element Simulation of Truck Impacts on Highway Bridge Piers

Recent studies show that the dynamic forces because of truck impacts may be significantly higher than the 600kips force recommended by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). Hence, there is a need to carry out detailed investigations on vehicular-bridge collision for a reliable evaluation of an existing bridge subject to impact by trucks and design of new bridges with more redundancy for vehicular impacts. In this research, an extensive investigation on the impact of a three-span steel girder bridge with reinforced concrete piers by a medium weight truck running at different speeds has been carried out using finite element models of bridge and the truck in LS-DYNA. The performance of the critical highway bridge components during vehicle collision and the factors causing damage/failure of the typical bridge components have been identified.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This document was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Transportation Centers Program.
  • Corporate Authors:

    City College of New York

    Department of Civil Engineering
    New York, NY  United States  10031

    University Transportation Research Center

    City College of New York
    Marshak Hall, Suite 910, 160 Convent Avenue
    New York, NY  United States  10031

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Agrawal, Anil
    • Xu, Xiaochen
  • Publication Date: 2016-4


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 47p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01610887
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Contract Numbers: 49111-09-22
  • Created Date: Sep 7 2016 7:35AM