Cyclic Behavior of Lap Splices Strengthened with Ultrahigh Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

The cyclic behavior of six full-scale reinforced concrete (RC) beams with a deficient lap splice strengthened with ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) is experimentally investigated. The experimental program is based on the findings of previous test series carried out in the same research program that demonstrated the ability of UHPFRC to eliminate bond failure in deficient lap splices of beams and wall-type bridge columns. The objective of this experimental work is to determine the efficiency of this strengthening technique on wide flexural elements (beams, slabs, walls, or wall columns) subjected to reverse cyclic loading. Specimen reinforcement consists of two pairs of deformed bars spliced at midspan on both tension and compression faces. The strengthening technique consists of replacing normal concrete around lapped bars in the splice region by UHPFRC, which allows for keeping the original member geometry. One type of fiber, three fiber contents, two bar diameters, and two bar arrangements are considered. For isolating the UHPFRC contribution, the splice regions are free of any confinement. The beam specimens are tested at four points, bending with a constant-moment region along the splice length. The result indicates that UHPFRC with a fiber content of 2 or 3% can significantly increase the bond strength of splice bars without confinement. The levels of ductility reached for the highest fiber content meet the requirements for high ductility demand, such as in seismic design. The results demonstrate that an appropriate casting method combined with a self-compacting UHPFRC with an appropriate fiber content ensure the efficiency of the strengthening technique for providing for the continuity of lapped bars and for enabling a high ductility capacity under monotonic or cyclic loading. The results also confirm the applicability of the method for strengthening lap-spliced regions of wide elements—such as slabs, shear walls, and wall-bridge piers—without having to provide any confinement.


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  • Accession Number: 01613891
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Aug 31 2016 3:04PM