A STUDY ON TRANSITION PROCESS OF RESIDENTIAL LAND DIVISION, LANDHOLDING AND LAND USE AT THE [HANIN-CHON (KOREAN VILLAGE)] OF THE AREA SURROUNDING MOKPO FOREIGN SETTLEMENT IN SOUTH KOREA

韓国・木浦各国居留地外の「韓人村」における宅地割と土地所有及び土地利用の変容過程に関する研究

The subject place selected in this study is "Juk-Dong 竹 洞". Along with the opening of the port in 1987, Juk-Dong is constructed by moving existing tombs and residents of the natives were forced into moving to the outside of the Mokpo foreign settlement area. The area received wasteland by the close north part of the foreign settlement boundary from the Korean government. However, the areas of Juk-Dong was formed the characteristic is that the difference of high and low terrains and the spatial structure that was formed according to the irregular natural terrain. Setting Juk-Dong as the base, a new "Hanin-Chon" was formed. As a result of analyzing with the attached map of Korea Official document [Muan-Bochob 務 安 報 牒] and "cadastral maps", "cadastre" of 1912, the following matters related to the transition process of the residential land division, landholding and land use to Koreans and Japanese living in Juk-Dong from 1906 to 1945 were identified. During the opening of the port in 1897, Korean Government Employment Mr. Star-Den found out about the execution of a road maintenance plan outside the foreign settlement by measuring all the parts of the existing road. But, The road maintenance plan of the existing Muan Road was not executed. Instead, execute in prior by starting maintenance of east coastal shore as "Muantong-Dearo 務安通大路". In the "Houses Map" of 1906 which is the attachment of [Muan-Bochob] has the name of the architect and the name of the owner along with the road name. As a result of analyzing the map, a total of 184 houses was grasped. From there, when looking at only the houses inside Juk-Dong, total of 176 houses were identified. The names of the owners of the houses were mostly Korean people. Seven Japanese people possessed 14 houses and they were distributed centering the lowland based on the old Muan road or Muantong road. Also, one korean possessed 4 houses based on the Muantong road, there were two korean house owners that possessed 2 houses each. Due to this point, Japanese and korean at the time used house as the owner giving out rent. As a result of analyzing the "cadastral maps" and "cadastre" composed in 1912, most of the land where Korean houses were located at the time of 1906 were changed to the possession of Japanese people. During this period, townscape was formed for the tiled roof Japanese-style houses group in the south zone of Juk-Dong in close proximity to the foreign settlement and the small thatched roof Korean houses(Hanok) group on the hill of the north and west area. In the transformation of 1914 "Mokpo-hu 木 浦 府" established after landholding subdivision of residential land by the lots division was progress. Also, that the transfer of landowners has been frequently performed was a feature. While in the Taisho period, the Japanese and Korean commercials land management or land accumulated were many appeared which even short-term land owners to reselling the land for speculative purposes. And, it's considered land division was also progress with residential land development. In the Showa period, it affected the subdivision of land to the road improvement plan of the Mokpo-hu. On the other hand, with the population growth of "Hanin-Chon", further subdivision of land was progressing in 1912 to 1945. While the Korean absentee landlords of the land accumulate increased, but the Japanese landowners were decreased. The reason seems to had interested of the Mokpo Station surrounding area, development of changed target area for the land management and a new residential land.

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  • Accession Number: 01611574
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
  • Files: TRIS, JSTAGE
  • Created Date: Aug 30 2016 3:01PM