Driving Behaviors: Models and Challenges for Non-Lane Based Mixed Traffic

Most published microscopic driving behavior models, such as car following and lane changing, were developed for homogeneous and lane-based settings. In the emerging and developing world, traffic is characterized by a wide mix of vehicle types (e.g., motorized and non-motorized, two, three and four wheelers) that differ substantially in their dimensions, performance capabilities and driver behavior and by a lack of lane discipline. This paper presents a review of current driving behavior models in the context of mixed traffic, discusses their limitations and the data and modeling challenges that need to be met in order to extend and improve their fidelity. The models discussed include those for longitudinal and lateral movements and gap acceptance. The review points out some of the limitations of current models. A main limitation of current models is that they have not explicitly considered the wider range of situations that drivers in mixed traffic may face compared to drivers in homogeneous lane-based traffic, and the strategies that they may choose in order to tackle these situations. In longitudinal movement, for example, such strategies include not only strict following, but also staggered following, following between two vehicles and squeezing. Furthermore, due to limited availability of trajectory data in mixed traffic, most of the models are not estimated rigorously. The outline of modeling framework for integrated driver behavior was discussed finally.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01609760
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 25 2016 10:03AM