A data-driven approach to manpower planning at U.S.–Canada border crossings

The authors investigate the staffing problem at Peace Arch, one of the major U.S.–Canada border crossings, with the goal of reducing time delay without compromising the effectiveness of security screening. The authors' data analytics show how the arrival rates of vehicles vary by time of day and day of week, and that the service rate per booth varies considerably by the time of day and the number of active booths. The authors propose a time-varying queueing model to capture these dynamics and use empirical data to estimate the model parameters using a multiple linear regression. The authors then formulate the staffing task as an integer programming problem and derive a near-optimal workforce schedule. Simulations reveal that the authors' proposed workforce policy improves on the existing schedule by about 18% in terms of average delay without increasing the total work hours of the border staff.


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01609764
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 22 2016 11:32AM