Lotka-Volterra Model for Competition Dynamics among Airports: An Empirical Analysis

As a critical factor to promote the economic development of regions and even nations, air transport is a valuable and interesting topic in the research community. Meanwhile, the analysis of competition relationship among airports is of the great significance in this field. In this paper, the three-species Lotka-Volterra competition system which includes the dynamics of competition mechanism into a diffusion process is applied for characterizing the dynamic competition relationship among three main airports in Greater Pearl River Delta of China, Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (GBIA) and Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport (SBIA). Through analyzing time series of (from Jan. 2006 to Mar. 2015) monthly air passenger throughput, the empirical results show that the complex competitive relationships among the airports are changing during different periods. The authors find that HKIA has a strongly promoting effect on the development of nearby airports to a large extent, and the potential uptrend of passenger throughput in GBIA is obvious and grounded in reality. However, in many cases the airports have shown the density-dependent feature. In order to prevent the possible reduction, the expansion and modernization of the airport infrastructure deserve much attention of the airports and government. Besides, equilibrium analysis of the passenger throughput is completed by investigating the equilibrium point and its stability. The authors' analysis shows that the equilibrium point has not yet been reached in the current circumstances, but the passenger throughput will converge the equilibrium point. The evolution analysis of competitive relationship and equilibrium solutions in this paper can support the decision-making of policy makers on the development and construction of airports.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 22-32
  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the International Forum on Shipping, Ports and Airports (IFSPA) 2015: Empowering Excellence in Maritime and Air Logistics: Innovation Management and Technology

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01609478
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9789623677967
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 5 2016 4:55PM