Active regulation of battery charge-sustaining in ECMS: Application in energy management for engine waste heat recovery system
Equivalent consumption minimization strategy (ECMS) is a widely used energy management method in the battery equipped bio-sources energy system, in which an equivalence factor is adopted to weigh the two kinds of energy, usually fuel and electricity. The regulation of the equivalence factor will affect not only the fuel consumption but also the battery's state of charge (SOC) sustainability, which results great influence upon the energy management of the system. In this paper, a new perspective of treating the relationship between the equivalence factor and instantaneous fuel consumption as well as instantaneous electricity consumption as a first-order dynamic system is proposed, thus the relationship between the equivalence factor and SOC is deduced as a second-order dynamic system. Based on the perspective, a linear second-order Active Disturbance Rejection Control (ADRC) is employed to regulate the equivalence factor, which can estimate and compensate, in real-time, disturbances in the system from input-output information only. An engine waste heat recovery energy network constructed by <engine> - <power turbine> - <Organic Rankine Cycle System> - <electric cooling system> - <battery> - <Integrated starter and Generator> is selected as the research object, simulation verifications upon 11 different driving cycles based on the simulation platform established by GT-SUITE software are conducted to test the fuel-saving capability and SOC self-sustainability by the proposed approach with a same set of tuning parameters. Simulation results indicate that both the fuel-saving capability and the SOC self-sustainability can be ensured by the active control of equivalent factor with a same set of tuning parameters upon all the 11 driving cycles, demonstrating a great adaptability of the control parameters.
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- Copyright © 2016, The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
- Lei, Z
- Xie, H
- Publication Date: 2016-12
- Pagination: pp 1055-1065
- TRT Terms: Adaptive control; Electric batteries; Engine regulators; Fuel consumption; Waste heat utilization
- Uncontrolled Terms: Active control; Energy management systems; Energy recovery systems; State of charge
- Subject Areas: Energy; Highways; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 01608849
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 2 2016 9:28AM