Evaluating Alternative Transit Options in Halifax Using Travel Demand Forecasting Model Informed by a Stated Preference Survey

Alternative options of public transportation have evolved around the world. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a popular option in some cities. Commuter rail is a viable option especially in cities that are equipped with track infrastructure. Similarly, cities that have a proximal water body or harbour have the advantage of considering fast ferry service as an option. Fortunately all of these are available for the Halifax region, which is the capital of Nova Scotia, Canada. For more than a decade, the HRM has been investigating the possibility of enhancing commuter service between Bedford and the Halifax Peninsula, and has considered a BRT system, a commuter rail service, and a ferry service. According to the Regional Municipal Planning Strategy (RMPS) adopted by the HRM in 2006, the suburban communities of Bedford West and Bedford South are each expecting a population increase of over 15,000 people in the next twenty years even with lower growth rate. (1). In order to accommodate the large increase in the number of commuters to the Halifax Peninsula and reduce automobile congestion along major commuter corridors, the current public transit system needs to be improved. Therefore the study has great significance at present context of Halifax. Travel demand forecasting models have been playing a crucial role in transportation planning particularly to evaluation of transport and land use policies, programs and projects. Both the state-of-the-art and the state-of-the-practice of travel demand modeling have advanced considerably over the past few decades. This paper proposed the use of a Multinomial Logit (MNL) model, which is estimated on the Stated Preference (SP) survey to update the O-D trip matrix. The updated matrix was used in Halifax model. Different scenarios were generated in the model with BRT, rail and ferry to compare between those options. The paper is organized as follows: first, a review of the literature. Then a brief discussion on future transit options in Halifax is provided. The next section describes the model development and validation for the study, followed by a discussion of the model results. The paper concludes by providing a summary of contributions and future research directions.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Pagination: 1 PDF file, 489 KB, 15p.
  • Monograph Title: Canadian Transportation Research Forum 50th Annual Conference - Another 50 Years: Where to From Here?//Un autre 50 ans : qu'en est-il à partir de maintenant? Montreal, Quebec, May 24-26, 2015

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01605032
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transportation Association of Canada (TAC)
  • Files: ITRD, TAC
  • Created Date: Jul 26 2016 5:04PM