Effect of a Recycling Agent on the Performance of High-RAP and High-RAS Mixtures: Field and Lab Experiments

Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and recycled asphalt shingles (RAS) have been increasingly used in asphalt mixtures. The use of RAP and RAS in asphalt mixtures not only reduces the consumption of virgin materials, conserves energy, and protects the environment but also improves the rutting resistance of asphalt pavements. However, as more recycled materials are used in asphalt mixtures, there is increasing concern over their potential negative effects on the mix cracking resistance. To improve the cracking resistance of asphalt mixtures with high RAP/RAS contents, one of the approaches considered is using recycling agents to potentially restore performance properties of the aged binder. This project was conducted to evaluate the effect of a recycling agent (RA), known as Hydrogreen, on the long-term field performance of high RAP and RAS mixes. The field study consisted of three test sections, each constructed by placing a dense-graded surface lift at a depth of 4.5 cm (1.75 in.) on SR 7 near Harrisonville, Missouri, in August 2013. The three mixes placed in the three test sections included: (1) a control mix containing 30% RAP using an styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) modified performance grade (PG) 70-22 binder with no RA; (2) a 40% RAP mix using the same PG 70-22 binder with RA; and (3) a 25% RAP and 5% RAS mix using a neat PG 64-22 with RA. This paper presents data collected during the construction of the test sections, laboratory performance testing results, and early field performance. The research results showed that the recycling agent could be used in the 40% RAP and 25% RAP and 5% RAS mixes to achieve similar construction quality, laboratory performance, and early field performance to the 30% RAP control mix. As these sections are still in service, it is recommended that they continue to be monitored in order to evaluate their long-term performance.


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  • Accession Number: 01606296
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Jul 26 2016 3:05PM