Exploring the Association of Rear-End Crash Propensity and Micro-Scale Driver Behavior

The relationship between driver behavior at the tactical level and crash experience is a long sought association that has been elusive to explore. The availability of in-vehicle sensing devices capable of capturing and documenting micro-scale dynamic driver behavior offers the opportunity to begin such an exploration. This study integrates rear-end crash data experienced on a 63-mile section of I-40 in North Carolina over a four-year period with three months of micro-scale driving behavioral data gathered by an in-vehicle sensing system (i2D) that records and dispatches second by second vehicle dynamics data to a central database. The information collected by the i2D devices came from a fleet of about 20 vehicles driven by volunteers in their naturalistic driving environment. Additionally all crash and driver data were geo-located onto a link-based GIS environment. The objective of this study is to explore the association of crash propensity and micro-scale driving behavior. The initial findings of this research are promising. First, over 85% of all rear-end crashes occurred on 30 segments extending from 2000 feet upstream of an on-ramp to the on-ramp itself. Secondly, on those segments with high crash rates, the authors have detected a high propensity of drivers to decelerate at high rates (4 m/s2 or more). The authors have also tested and confirmed that the sharp deceleration phenomenon is not confined to a few drivers, but appears to be common for the high-crash segments, using trip-based analyses.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01607995
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 25 2016 11:02AM