Canada’s shifting sands: Oil production, distribution and implications, 2005 to 2014

Oil production in Canada increased by over 50% from 2005 to 2014 with crude bitumen and synthetic crude accounting for almost all of the growth. In 2014, Canadian railways shipped over 185,000 rail cars containing fuel oils and crude petroleum; three times the number shipped in 2005. Since 2005, pipeline and rail accidents have tended to reflect broader economic trends, but notable spills have clearly demonstrated some of the risks of the oil industry. Largely driven by oil sands expansion, the oil and gas sector accounted for over one quarter (26%) of Canada’s 732 megatonnes of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2014. This article examines trends from 2005 to 2014 in Canadian oil production and distribution, as well as some possible implications. It focuses on two potential environmental concerns arising from these trends: the risk of accidents during transport and higher greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to overall industry growth and the increased extraction from non-conventional reserves.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Glossary; References;
  • Pagination: 9p
  • Serial:
    • EnviroStats
    • Publisher: Statistics Canada
    • ISSN: 1913-4320

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01616920
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 16‑002‑X
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 20 2016 3:12PM