Improved 2D Intelligent Driver Model in the Framework of Three-Phase Traffic Theory Simulating Synchronized Flow and Concave Growth Pattern of Traffic Oscillations

This paper first shows that 2 Dimensional Intelligent Driver Model (Jiang et al., 2014) is not able to replicate the synchronized traffic flow. Then the authors propose an improved model by considering the difference between the driving behaviors at high speeds and that at low speeds, which is in the framework of three-phase traffic theory. Simulations show that the improved model can reproduce the phase transition from synchronized flow to wide moving jams, the spatiotemporal patterns of traffic flow induced by traffic bottleneck, and the concave growth pattern of traffic oscillations (i.e. the standard deviation of the velocities of vehicles increases in a concave/linear way along the platoon). Validating results show that the empirical time series of traffic speed obtained from Floating Car Data can be well simulated as well.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01605143
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 19 2016 4:49PM