Theoretical and Real Public Transport Flows - Daily Commuting in the Czech Republic

The effort to increase usage of public transport for daily mobility belongs to the main strategies of national transport governments in many developed countries. Applied strategies differ from country to country. Nevertheless in the Czech Republic, the only national-wide source of data being able to describe the result provided by such effort is the census. It contains data about modal split of commuting flows on the municipality level. Even if it does not cover all types of daily mobility, commuting and travels to school belong to the most frequent ones. A new approach on how to regularly analyse traffic flows on a detailed geographical level provides valid time tables which are utilized in this paper. Anyway, both of these data sources describe the transport situation on the municipality level from different perspectives - real flows vs. theoretical flows - which should however partly respond to real transport demand. A basic portrayal of such data in a map reveals the existence of larger areas with municipalities indicating a higher or lower level of public transport use and accessibility. To locate such hot/cold spots, univariate local indicator of spatial autocorrelation has been used. These methods enable to distinguish municipalities with a high level of both the public transport use and the accessibility and conversely; but many municipalities also imply a combination of values from opposite portions of data distribution. A mutual comparison of results using methods of spatial clustering methods classifies municipalities into groups according to a similar level of public transport use and public transport accessibility.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 938-946
  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of Second International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering (ICTTE)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01606521
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9788691615321
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 4 2016 2:32PM