Methodological Aspect of the Logistics Technologies Formation in Reforming Processes on the Railways

Reforming processes of a railway transport are based on those positive tendencies which were recently observed in the transport market. They are caused by competitive rising of all railways in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and Baltic States. Experience of the countries with developed economy shows us that reforming processes should be led with receiving possibility system-wide effect from the individual interconnected subsystems functioning (units of rail transport) like unified system. Systematic approach to the justification the process of reform and development of the railway sector provides the formation of a dynamic model of the individual transport units, consisting of a single organizational – technological structure. This enables the system to be generally aimed at achieving the objectives of its functioning. So, such structure can be considered a major transport system which is characterized by new properties and characteristics and all separate rail divisions acquire the status of system elements. In order to improve the quality characteristics of the transport process and the efficiency of cargo service, solving management task and logistic system rationalization of the goods delivery can be carried out on the basis of multi-criteria methods, taking into account conservation approach. General industry logistic system should consist of the railways, their units, some large railway stations in conjunction with the relevant subsystems cargo. In process of the logistic system centers formation appears a question of managing their organizational structure. In the authors' opinion one of the main factors which must be taken into account in shaping the organizational structure of logistics centers is an opportunity to achieve a high service level with taking into account availability of internal and external constraints. Modern conditions need to formalize the functioning of large dynamic rail system from the system approach position, which is directed on system-wide optimization (synergistic) effect and takes into account the complex of all participants interests in the transportation process. One of the main limits for this system is a providing of the resources cost reduction (rolling stock, amount of cargo on the route to the consumer, staff etc.) for an assimilation given traffic volumes. From the logistics viewpoint customers need main services connected with transportation, storage, loading and unloading, warehousing, order processing, and inventory management. Herewith, services are seen as interrelated and interactive. On the other hand, in this complex are especially important logistics service indicators (service quality, compliance is “just in time”, etc.). Herewith logistic system should take on additional functions, which accompany transportation, such as packaging, labeling, sorting goods, transportation design, determining the optimal transportation options, control over the movement of goods in transit. To do this, you first need to ensure the absolute safety of cargo; offer the full range of transport services; simplify the goods carriage and tariff system; reduce the delivery time; create a powerful and modern information network; and clear interaction organization with motor companies or obtain own one for ensuring delivery.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01607946
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 29 2016 8:33AM