Fleet Migration Towards ETCS – Challenge and Experience Gathered

Alstom Transport is in the process of retrofitting the entire Danish rolling stocks fleet with the European Train Control System (ETCS) system. This paper describes how Human factors have been integrated in the design process of the final solution in order to provide a smooth transition to the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) technology. The scope of the Human factors activities taken into account are the design of the solution, the validation with drivers and Union, the training and the maintenance activities. The author has developed a new methodology to address the fleet heterogeneity and the large number of rolling stocks to retrofit, the diversity of the Operators (historical public, and privates) and the diversity of the driver's needs (passenger, freight, and maintenance rolling stocks). The author has adapted up-to date technology (3D printing, measurement tools) to implement rapid prototyping at the early stage of the design. The author presents the various meetings (information collection, brainstorming, discussion and solution definition) that lead to define the acceptable solutions. The different principles used to provide requirements to the mechanical designers are described. They deal with location of equipment and the way to minimize the number of components to be moved. The author presents how the cabs have been measured to get the required information in order to check the visibility according to international standard, to assess the room available to integrate the ETCS system, to check the reachability of controls and to check the risk of glare. The author shows the different sounds level measured and the criteria to ensure the right audibility threshold. The paper also discusses the way to manage the different proposals from the different actors (drivers, crew and maintenance people, mechanical designer, trainer, and installation people) of the project and the steps to reach a workable solution. This methodology leads to a better efficiency by achieving compromise with the different stakeholders.


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  • Accession Number: 01608302
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 29 2016 8:27AM