Research Literature Review: The Use of Air Bags for Mitigating Grade Crossing and Trespass Accidents

This literature review will confirm prior work in the use of locomotive airbag technologies for vehicle or pedestrian collision mitigation, and to focus planned activities and tasks for this research. The state of the art in relevant technologies has been summarized to assess the feasibility of this technology and identify critical model challenges for supporting impact simulations. The literature review did not reveal any currently deployed locomotive airbag solutions. In patent literature, external airbag technology has been described for mitigation of crashes between railcars and motor vehicles, but no meaningful analysis of feasibility has been discussed in detail in scientific or professional literature. Therefore, it appears that although crash mitigation technology using airbags in front of locomotives has been conceptualized, it has not yet been rigorously engineered or implemented.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Title on cover: The Use of Air Bags for Mitigating Grade Crossing and Trespass Accidents: Literature Review and Research Plan.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Johns Hopkins University, Laurel

    Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road
    Laurel, MD  United States  20723-6099

    Federal Railroad Administration

    Office of Railroad Policy and Development, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Federal Railroad Administration

    Office of Research, Development, and Technology
    Washington, DC  United States 
  • Authors:
    • Merkle, Andrew C
    • Harrigan, Timothy P
  • Publication Date: 2016-6


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 23p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01602603
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT/FRA/ORD-16/22
  • Contract Numbers: DTFR53-13-C-00068
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jun 22 2016 1:30PM