Improving the Efficiency of Stochastic Vehicle Routing: A Partial Lagrange Multiplier Method

More realistic than deterministic vehicle routing, stochastic vehicle routing considers uncertainties in traffic. Its two representative optimization models are the probability tail (PT) and the stochastic shortest path problem with delay excess penalty (SSPD), which can be approximately solved by expressing them as mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) problems. The traditional method to solve these two MILP problems, i.e., branch and bound (B&B), suffers from exponential computation complexity because of integer constraints. To overcome this computation inefficiency, the authors propose a partial Lagrange multiplier method. It benefits from the total unimodularity of the incidence matrix in the models, which guarantees an optimal integer solution by only solving a linear programming (LP) problem. Thus, this partial Lagrange multiplier problem can be further solved using the subgradient method, and the proposed method can guarantee polynomial computation complexity. Moreover, the authors theoretically prove the convergence and the efficiency, which are also assessed by the experiments on three different scales of graphs (road networks): small scale, medium scale, and large scale. More importantly, the experimental results on the Beijing road network with real traffic data show that the authors' method can efficiently solve the time-dependent routing problem. Additionally, the implementation on the navigation system based on the Singapore road network further confirms that the authors' method can be applied to efficiently solve the real-world stochastic vehicle routing problem.


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  • Accession Number: 01602836
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 21 2016 4:20PM