Robust Multitarget Tracking Scheme Based on Gaussian Mixture Probability Hypothesis Density Filter

The Gaussian mixture probability hypothesis density (GM-PHD) filter has been widely adopted to track multiple targets, because it can effectively handle target birth/death without the track-to-measurement data association process. However, the GM-PHD filter is known to have serious problems related to birth intensity generation and target tractability. In addition, weight underestimation/overestimation may occur if there are missing detections or measurement clutters. Since these problems may lead to severe estimation errors, many researchers have tried to find solutions. However, none of the researchers have been successful at solving these problems simultaneously. In this paper, the authors propose a robust multitarget tracking scheme based on the GM-PHD filter to improve estimation accuracy, even if there are many false detections. The proposed scheme includes the processing step of evaluating multiple states/measurements, which is designed to overcome the weight underestimation/overestimation problems. Furthermore, it includes generating the birth intensity for the next iteration using measurements not associated with any tracked states. The authors also show that the proposed method can be extended to nonlinear Gaussian models. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can provide relatively accurate multitarget estimates compared with the previous approaches when the measurements include many false positives/negatives.


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  • Accession Number: 01602805
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 21 2016 4:20PM