Optimal Dosing and Sizing Optimization for a Ground-Vehicle Diesel-Engine Two-Cell Selective Catalytic Reduction System

In this paper, the authors investigate the cycle-based sizing optimization for diesel-engine two-cell selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. In modeling the SCR system, it is generally assumed that the states inside the catalyst can are homogeneous to simplify the modeling work. However, the actual states are not homogeneous, and the modeling error becomes large if the catalyst length is long. To reduce the modeling error, the states are assumed piecewise homogeneous, i.e., the catalyst is sliced into multicells and the states for each cell are assumed homogeneous. In this paper, the authors focus on the two-cell SCR systems where the two cells are connected in series and where the chemical reaction rates are assumed identical for the two cells. Considering the main chemical reactions and assuming that each cell is a continuous stirred tank reactor, a nonlinear system model with six states is obtained. To simultaneously reduce the tailpipe (subscript mbox)NO(subscript x) and ammonia slip, it is quite interesting to study the optimal control of the urea dosing such that the (subscript mbox)NO(subscript x) emissions can be maximally converted and where the ammonia slip is constrained. A dynamic programming (DP) algorithm that has a tolerable computational load is proposed. Since the whole catalyst is sliced into two cells, the next motivation is how to divide the catalyst such that the (subscript mbox)NO(subscript x) conversion efficiency can be maximized while meeting the tailpipe ammonia constraint. The best sizing ratio of the SCR system in the authors' application for the US06 test cycle is found to be 60%–40%.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01611600
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 21 2016 4:18PM