Age and gender difference in braking behavior from the 100-Car Naturalistic Driving Study: the implication for autonomous braking system design

Autonomous braking systems have potential benefits in active safety systems and Advanced Driver Assistance Systems. Ideally, emerging driver assistance systems which can automate certain driving aspects would apply braking in a human-like fashion. A better understanding of driver braking behavior can assist active safety and driver assistance system designers to better tailor the vehicle braking pattern to the driver and driving context. The objective of this study was to determine the potential effect of driver age and gender on braking profile. The approach of this study was to extract braking patterns in normal driving from the 100-Car Naturalistic Driving Study. Braking events with a closing lead vehicle were identified and extracted from the database. For each braking event, maximum brake force and braking profile was calculated from the instrumented vehicles. The result of the study shows that driver age and gender, as well as vehicle speed at start of braking, all have a statistically significant effect on driver braking profile. The results of this study have substantial implications for improving future autonomous braking system design to better tailor the system activation time to individual driver according to age, gender, and vehicle speed.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: pp 463-469
  • Monograph Title: FAST-zero'15: 3rd international symposium on future active safety technology toward zero traffic accidents: September 9-11, 2015 Gothenburg, Sweden: proceedings

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01602323
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Files: ITRD, VTI
  • Created Date: Jun 20 2016 1:29PM