Safety Criteria for the Trafficability of Inundated Roads in Urban Floodings

The probability of unexpected urban flood hazards is steadily increasing due to global warming and climate change. Consequently, there is a growing need for safety criteria determining the trafficability of inundated roads to ensure a fast and safe evacuation of people in case of such events. In order to determine those criteria, experimental investigations on the stability of two scaled watertight vehicle models and of one prototype passenger car are conducted in a laboratory flume and a steel tank. The conducted flume experiments clearly show a dependency of vehicle stability on the flow angle, whereas the prototype experiments indicate that floating water depths are higher in prototype than in model scale, which is due to the use of a watertight vehicle model. Based on both experiments, a constant total head is proposed as decisive parameter for determining trafficability. This parameter approximates the measured stability curves and can be easily adopted in practice. Furthermore, it is in accordance with fording depths evaluated from relevant literature or by means of manufacturer inquiry. The recommended safety criteria for passenger cars and emergency vehicles are total heads of hE=0.3 m=const. and hE=0.6 m=const., respectively.


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  • Accession Number: 01603146
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 20 2016 11:34AM