How to achieve an effective behavioral-based safety plan: the analysis of an attitude questionnaire for the maritime industry

Behavioral-based safety (BBS) is an evolving process that uses positive reinforcement to change unsafe individual behavior and improve safety performance, as part of a positive safety culture. As this research indicates, BBS strongly affects the safety on maritime operations. Utilizing attitude questionnaires, this paper presents the research effort in asserting the attitudes of Greek maritime officers and their opinions in order to introduce the BBS process in the maritime domain. This paper’s scope is to present the current results of our statistical analysis on a sample of 905 Greek officers. Such a large sample provides an understanding of the behavior of respondents. The application of numerous statistical tests (Krause et al., Safety Sci 32:1–18, 1999) and factor analysis in this population showed that fatigue perception, communication climate, stress recognition, teamwork climate, perception of management, safety culture, and human limitations are the nontechnical aspects that influence the performance of maritime officers. The findings of NTUA’s research highlight the importance of specific nontechnical skills such as fatigue or communication that seem to contribute to the effective implementation of BBS in the maritime industry. Indicatively, it is surprising that although officers recognize fatigue as the main cause of human error in the maritime environment, they do not suggest rest as a potential solution to overcome it. Nontechnical skills proved to have a significant, strong relationship with age, officers’ rank, and the type of vessels; in effect, employing these results may lead to the development of an efficient BBS framework.


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  • Accession Number: 01606605
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 16 2016 9:24AM