Trends in Walking and Bicycling to School from 2007 to 2013

This report is a follow-up to an initial study entitled Trends in Walking and Bicycling to School from 2007 to 2012, and includes 605,000 parent surveys collected by nearly 5,300 schools throughout the United States starting in 2007 and extending through 2013. Data gleaned from these parent surveys provide a valuable opportunity to analyze school travel patterns and to discern ways in which school- and household-level factors may influence families’ school travel mode choices. To examine student travel patterns and parental perceptions of active school travel over time, the research team estimated multinomial logit models which clustered parents’ survey responses by school. These models estimated the probability of choosing school travel modes as a function of school-level and household-level predictor variables. School-level variables include data maintained by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), such as school income and the Census-defined locale in which schools were located (i.e., cities, suburbs, towns, and rural areas). Household-level variables included: students’ sex and grade in school; distance the student lived from school; parents’ level of education; whether the student asked parents for permission to walk or bicycle between home and school; how much fun parents perceived walking and bicycling to be for their child; how healthy walking and bicycling was for their child; and how much their child’s school supported walking and bicycling to/from school.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 46p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01603667
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jun 15 2016 1:47PM