Phase I Evaluation of Selected Concrete Material in LS-DYNA

Numerous roadside safety systems are configured with reinforced concrete materials, such as bridge railings, median barriers, and roadside parapets. The analysis and design of these structures may involve impact simulation with finite element software, like LS-DYNA, which includes multiple concrete material models. This Phase I study investigated the viability and performance of existing concrete material models to simulate unreinforced components subjected to common loading conditions, such as compression, tension, shear, and bending. For this study, five material models were evaluated – CSCM, K&C, RHT, Winfrith, and CDPM. Initially, single-element simulations were conducted in order to gain a basic understanding of material model performance. Next, small components with multiple elements were simulated to evaluate different loading conditions. Physical test data was obtained from several external experimental testing programs with unreinforced concrete in three basic load cases - compression, tension, and shear. The CSCM and K&C concrete material models provided adequate simulation results when compared to the experimental test results. Experimental tests with unreinforced concrete were conducted to obtain more results to compare with simulations. Concrete cylinder compression tests, dog-bone specimen tension tests, and four-point bend tests which created either flexure or shear failures were conducted. The CSCM and K&C material models showed promise in predicting peak forces and damage patterns in simulations of the experimental tests. Further investigation is recommended for the five selected concrete material models when used in combination with steel reinforcement.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Midwest Roadside Safety Facility

    2200 Vine Street
    130 Whittier Building
    Lincoln, NE  United States  68588-0853

    Nebraska Department of Roads

    1500 Highway 2, P.O. Box 94759
    Lincoln, NE  United States  68509

    Federal Highway Administration

    Nebraska Division
    Federal Building, Room 220, 100 Centennial Mall North
    Lincoln, NE  United States  68508
  • Authors:
    • Winkelbauer, Bradley J
    • Faller, Ronald K
    • Bielenberg, Robert W
    • Rosenbaugh, Scott K
    • Reid, John D
    • Schmidt, Jennifer D
  • Publication Date: 2016-4-29


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 506p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01603509
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRP-03-330-16
  • Contract Numbers: NDOR DPS-STWD (118)
  • Created Date: Jun 14 2016 12:14PM