Selected State Policies and Associations with Alcohol Use Behaviors and Risky Driving Behaviors among Youth: Findings from Monitoring the Future Study

Graduated driver licensing (GDL) laws, which increase driving privileges of novice drivers as they age and gain more driving experience, have effectively reduced crashes and fatalities for young drivers. Using data from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) study, the authors examine the impact of GDLs on youth engagement in risky driving behavior. They seek to determine whether GDLs have an unintended effect on underage drinking behavior. The study draws upon data from the years 2000 to 2013 on 12th grade students who participated in the MTF study, a national survey that measures substance abuse behavior among adolescents. Logistic regression models reveal an association between restricted GDL policies and reduced alcohol use behaviors and youth risky driving behaviors. The authors suggest that strong GDL laws can reduce youth alcohol-related risky driving as well as reduce overall alcohol use behavior by influencing social norms and expectations about drinking and drunk driving.

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  • Authors:
    • Cavazos-Rehg, Patricia A
    • Housten, Ashley J
    • Krauss, Melissa J
    • Sowles, Shaina J
    • Spitznagel, Edward L
    • Chaloupka, Frank J
    • Grucza, Richard
    • Johnston, Lloyd D
    • O'Malley, Patrick M
    • Bierut, Laura J
  • Publication Date: 2016-5

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01602608
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 9 2016 3:40PM