Designing a Battery Exchange Building for Automated Guided Vehicles

Automated container terminals are now operating in the United States and the western hemisphere. The middle harbor terminal at the Port of Long Beach, California, is a fully automated terminal beginning operations on the United States West Coast. Its automated stacking cranes (ASCs) are serviced by automated guided vehicles (AGVs). These electric AGVs operate on large, removable batteries. The Battery Exchange Building (BXB) is an integrated facility housing an automated battery charging and replacement system. When the charge of the AGV battery falls below its servicing level, it must switch out its spent battery with a fully charged unit. The building required to house the battery exchange system (BES) must meet exacting structural, electrical, and environmental tolerances to operate properly. There were various design challenges encountered by the design team of this first BXB in the western hemisphere. This paper will discuss the BES and its exacting design requirements. There will be a discussion of the creative solutions that were developed to meet all of the system’s technical requirements.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Pagination: pp 71-80
  • Monograph Title: Ports 2016: Port Planning and Development

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01604101
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780784479919
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Jun 7 2016 3:03PM