Earthquake-induced Collapse Mechanism of Two Types of Dangerous Rock Masses

As the economy of China develops, an increasing number of key traffic projects have been undertaken in the west of China, where there are high, steep rock slopes. The collapse of dangerous rock masses, especially following a strong earthquake, is one of common geological disasters known in rock slope engineering. Therefore, it is important to study the collapse mechanism of dangerous rock masses induced by an earthquake and the analysis approach of its stability. This study provides a simple and convenient method to determine the collapse mechanisms of two types of dangerous rock masses (i.e. cantilever and upright) associated with the definition and calculation of the safety factor, which is based on the flexure theory of a constant-section beam by combining with the maximum tensile-stress criterion to depict the process of crack propagation caused by seismic waves. The calculation results show that there are critical crack depths in each form of the dangerous rock masses. Once the accumulated depth of the crack growth during an earthquake exceeds the critical depth, the collapse will occur. It is also demonstrated that the crack extension amount of each step is not a constant value, and is closely associated with the current accumulated crack depth. The greater the cumulative crack depth, the more easily the crack propagates. Finally, the validity and applicability of the proposed method are verified through two actual engineering examples.

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    • Copyright © 2016, Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Authors:
    • Wang, Wei
    • Yuan, Wei
    • Wang, Qizhi
    • Xue, Kang
  • Publication Date: 2016-6

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01603160
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 6 2016 4:37PM