Monitoring Vibrations on the Jefferson City Truss Bridge

The objective of the research was to determine the frequency and cause of resonant vibrations of truss verticals on bridge A4497 over the Missouri River in Jefferson City, MO. Instrumentation to monitor the vibrations of four verticals was installed on the bridge and monitored for 42 days. The instrumentation consisted of wireless accelerometers that monitored the accelerations on the four verticals. Weather data available from a weather station located at the Jefferson City Airport was used to analyze the weather conditions causing resonant vibrations of the verticals. It was found that there were eleven vibration “events” in which the vertical members vibrated with higher than normal accelerations. The average wind speeds during the events was about 17 mph. The wind direction during the events was from the WNW/NW during nine of the “events” and from the SE for 2 of the “events.” It was found that the frequency of the events was 0.26 events per day during the monitoring period. Historical weather data was analyzed to determine how frequently the resonance vibrations may be occurring, i.e., how frequently the combined wind speed and direction matched the conditions determined through the field monitoring. Historical weather data from 442 days was analyzed and it was found that there were 89 occurrences of the combined wind speed and direction that could cause vibrations of the vertical members. The resulting frequency of events was determined to be 0.20 events per day. It was concluded that the frequency of resonant vibration events is likely 0.25 events per day or less. The vibrations are caused by average winds from the WNW/NW or SW of ~17 mph or greater, based on monitoring results. Recommendations stemming from the research were as follows: 1) The effect of the vibration events on the durability of the members should be analyzed further to determine if a retrofit is necessary. The data provided through the field monitoring should be used in the analysis; and 2) Other vertical members of a similar length should be monitored to determine if they are affected by resonant vibrations.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; Tables;
  • Pagination: 43p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01603646
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: cmr 16-012
  • Contract Numbers: MoDOT project #TR201605, USDOT/OST-R Grant DTRT13-G-UTC37
  • Created Date: Jun 2 2016 1:35PM