Crashworthiness of Chromium Plated Plastic Radiator Grille

The use of plastic in vehicle development has increased. In particular, a design trend has resulted in chromiumplated plastics being used in exterior panels. Recently, as the appearance has become more important in design, the plastic radiator grille has become larger, to where it can become the primary member when a front collision happens. The radiator grille should be designed with considerations of the geometric structure, such as delamination, and material characteristics, when plastics are plated with chromium. The enlarged grille has to pass regulations like FMVSS Part 581. Although the material property of plastic has been studied before, what seems to be lacking is study on the crashworthiness of plastic radiator grilles that are plated using chromium. In this paper, in order to evaluate the crashworthiness, tensile test and front collision analysis using finite element method are performed. Tensile test is conducted with 4 types of materials, and then material properties of chromium-plated plastics are obtained. Meanwhile radiator grille’s crashworthiness is evaluated using finite element analysis method. Analysis result is evaluated according to failure criterion. Through this study, method of the assessment of plastic radiator grille’s crashworthiness considered material properties of chromium plated plastics is proposed, and it can be predicted the delamination and the failure point of radiator grille at the design step.

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    • Copyright © 2016, The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Authors:
    • Yoo, S H
    • Jeong, N T
    • Kim, K S
    • J H, Lee
    • Yang, S M
    • Lee, J H
    • Choi, S H
    • Suh, M W
  • Publication Date: 2016-8


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01603158
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 2 2016 12:24PM