Effect of Bicycle Facilities on Travel Mode Choice Decisions

Bicycle facilities are commonly invested in to reduce vehicle congestion, mitigate vehicle emissions, and promote physical activity by increasing the number of bicycle trips and reducing the number of vehicle trips. Although there has been a large amount of behavioral and observational research on bicyclists’ route and facility preferences and the traveling public’s mode choice decisions, there is surprisingly little evidence on the effectiveness of bicycle facilities in increasing the share of bicycling relative to vehicle use. Using a stated-preference survey, this study finds that more than two-thirds of current bicycle facility users in Albuquerque, New Mexico, would continue to bicycle, and nearly one-third would discontinue bicycling, if the bicycle facilities they regularly use did not exist. The most common alternative would be driving a car. The findings suggest that bicycle facilities can increase bicycle mode share and reduce driving by influencing the mode choice decisions of certain individuals—namely, those with the least bicycling experience. Bicycle facilities may therefore play an important role in building new bicyclist confidence.


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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01603414
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: May 30 2016 3:03PM