Becoming More Complete

The complete streets movement calls for streetscapes designed for safe and convenient walking, biking, and transit usage by all residents including children, the elderly, and the disabled. This study reviews state-level complete streets policies. Our research questions are: (1) In what ways do the states with a complete streets policy differ from the states without one? (2) Have complete streets policies become more comprehensive over time? (3) Does the type of policy—a law passed by a state legislature versus an executive-level policy—change the comprehensiveness of the policy? We find that urbanized states are more likely to have complete streets policies. Diffusion of the policy appears weakly associated with adjacency of adopting states. The type of policy was related to the comprehensiveness of early complete streets policies, but the differences diminish as these policies have gained traction in recent years. Over time, state-level complete streets policies have become more comprehensive in content.


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  • Accession Number: 01602239
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 27 2016 2:40PM