Evaluation of the Fatigue and Toughness of Fiber Reinforced Concrete for use as a New Highway Pavement Design

Concrete pavement design is currently centered on steel reinforcement, whether that reinforcement be in the form of dowel bars, as is the case in jointed plain concrete pavement (JPCP), or in the form of continuous rebar reinforcement, continuously reinforced concrete pavement (CRCP). The use of steel in concrete pavements presents durability problems due to the corrodibility of steel. This study evaluates the use of polypropylene fibrillated, polypropylene macro, carbon, and steel fibers as primary reinforcement in concrete pavements. Results showed that fiber reinforcement can be used to improve both the fatigue and toughness performance of concrete. When post-cracked strength or toughness is the concern, concrete containing more fibers and fibers with higher tensile strength are desirable. Carbon fibers maintained greater load-carrying capacity at lower deflections than the steel fibers, which produced the greatest ductility. However, toughness and fatigue performance did not correlate for small deflections, suggesting that polypropylene macro fibers may be adequate for repeated, low stress loading. This study also found that when repeated low deflections are a concern, such as many pavements, there must be sufficient fibers across a crack to maintain a tight crack. Conversely, too many fibers prevent adequate consolidation and aggregate interlock, which negatively influences performance. When considering the precracked fatigue performance of fiber reinforcement, the fibers needed to have sufficient length to reach across the crack and bond with the concrete, and that higher fiber dosages increase the fatigue performance of the concrete. The resulting pavement design, continuously fiber reinforced concrete pavement (CFRCP), will provide an alternative to JPCP and CRCP in highway pavement design that is not susceptible to durability problems associated with corrosion of the reinforcement.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Louisiana Transportation Research Center

    Baton Rouge, LA  United States 

    Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development

    1201 Capitol Access Road, P.O. Box 94245
    Baton Rouge, LA  United States  70804-9245

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Kevern, John
    • Rupnow, Tyson
    • Mulheron, Matt
    • Collier, Zachary
    • Icenogle, Patrick
  • Publication Date: 2016-4


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 74p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01600780
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA/LA.15/559, LTRC Project Number: 14-3C
  • Contract Numbers: State Project Number: 30001504
  • Created Date: May 25 2016 8:51AM