Evolving Regulatory Approaches for Managing Fatigue Risk in Transport Operations

Fatigue risk management systems (FRMSs) are a new regulatory approach that combines advances in the understanding of worker fatigue and crash causes with advances in safety management. This chapter describes the evolving regulatory approaches that are coming into play for managing fatigue risk in transport operations. The author defines fatigue as a physiological state of reduced performance capability resulting from sleep loss or extended wakefulness, circadian phase, or workload (mental and/or physical activity). Requirements regarding hours-of-service limits, the traditional regulatory approach for managing fatigue, are increasingly being challenged as costly and ineffective in delivering safety. Conversely, FRMSs are data driven, are based on combined scientific and operational expertise, and include processes for monitoring their safety performance and for continuous improvement. The author outlines three levels of responsibility for fatigue risk management: regulatory, industry/company, and individual responsibility. In FRMS, regulators take on the responsibility to educate and to develop non-statutory codes of practice. FRMS also includes risk mitigation strategies, such as limits on work schedules, education and training for relevant staff, systems for ongoing monitoring of fatigue levels, and systematic analysis of the role of fatigue in safety incidents and crashes. The author concludes by emphasizing the need for collaboration across many sectors and stakeholder groups in order to best implement FRMS.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01601756
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 23 2016 10:53AM