A GIS methodology for estimating the transport network impedance to last-mile delivery

The ‘last mile’ delivery in cities is not merely a logistics problem, but also a significant urban planning challenge. With the rapid growth of online retail transactions, the size and scope of last mile problem is more likely to escalate. The ‘atomisation’ of freight, de-bundling of large container load into smaller parcels, has increased delivery lead time from a high-capacity freight hub or port to the final destination. This last leg is the most vital and often less efficient part of the supply chain. One key factor that contributes to the severity of last mile problem in urban areas is planning controls. The relationship between last mile delivery and urban planning control measures such as parking restrictions, access to loading bays, restricted capacity of transportation infrastructure and land use, is neither being theoretically evaluated nor empirically tested. As the built environment of Australian cities continues to get more compact with roads getting narrower, more congested, and shared between different users, the last mile delivery will remain a challenge. This paper aims to measure the transportation network impedance to last mile delivery of goods. Key urban planning deterrence to movement closer to final delivery points in urban areas are evaluated using a set of GIS based urban indicators. The levels of impedance are computed across the entire transportation within Maribyrnong City Council network to show the key hotspots of potential last mile problems. The key findings from the study reveals that level of last mile impedance varies in different part of the study area and are also affected by Activity Centres, Shopping areas, planning zones and the transport attributes. The mapped outputs will help urban planners and logisticians in mitigating potential delay in delivery of goods. Localised strategies can then be deployed to improve the delivery lead time to retail businesses particularly in Central Business District.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 16p
  • Monograph Title: State of Australian cites national conference 2015, 9-11 December, Gold Coast, Queensland: SOAC conference proceedings

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01599130
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • ISBN: 9781925455038
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 18 2016 3:58PM