Traffic Recovery Time Estimation under Different Flow Regimes in Traffic Simulation

Incident occurrence and recovery are critical to the smooth and efficient operations of freeways. Although many studies have been performed on incident detection, clearance, and management, travelers and traffic managers are unable to accurately predict the length of time required for full traffic recovery after an incident occurs. This is because there are no practical studies available to estimate post-incident recovery time. This paper estimates post-incident traffic recovery time along an urban freeway using traffic simulation and compares the simulation results with shockwave theory calculations. The simulation model is calibrated and validated using a freeway segment in Baltimore, MD. The model explores different flow regimes (traffic intensity) and incident duration for different incident severity, and their effects on recovery time. A total of 726 simulations are completed using VISSIM software. Finally, the impact of congestion and incident delay on the highway network is quantified by a regression formula to predict traffic recovery time. The developed regression model predicts post-incident traffic recovery time based on traffic intensity, incident duration, and incident severity (ratio of lanes closure). In addition, three regression models are developed for different flow regimes of near-capacity, moderate, and low-traffic intensity. The model is validated by collected field data on two different urban freeways.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01600854
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 6 2016 1:53PM