Addressing the Permanent Deformation Behavior of Hot Mix Asphalt by Triaxial Cyclic Compression Testing with Cyclic Confining Pressure

Rutting or permanent deformation is one of the major distress modes of hot mix asphalt in the field. Triaxial cycle compression testing (TCCT) is a standardized and scientifically accepted test method to address this distress mode in the lab and to characterize the resistance to permanent deformation. In most labs and according to EN 12697-25, standard TCCTs are carried out with cyclic axial loading and a constant confining pressure. In road pavements on the other hand, dynamic traffic loading due to passing wheels leads to cyclic confining pressure. In order to bring the TCCT closer to reality, the radial reaction and its phase lag to axial loading in standard TCCTs are analyzed and an enhanced TCCT with cyclic confining pressure is introduced. The cyclic confining pressure takes into account the viscoelastic material response by the radial phase lag to axial phase loading. In a subsequent test program, TCCTs with different confining pressure amplitudes were carried out on two hot mix asphalts. Results from standard and enhanced TCCTs were analyzed, compared and discussed. It is shown that the resistance to permanent deformation increases significantly when the viscoelastic material response is taken into account in the TCCT by introducing cyclic confining pressure.


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  • Accession Number: 01600977
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 6 2016 1:50PM