Integral Abutment Bridge for Louisiana’s Soft and Stiff Soils

Integral abutment bridges (IABs) have been designed and constructed in a few US states in the past few decades. The initial purpose of building such bridges was to eliminate the expansion joints and resolve the joint-induced problems. Although IABs have been widely accepted due to their satisfying performances, they have not been largely applied in practice. Some of the reasons can be attributed to the uncertainties of the structural and geotechnical behaviors of such bridges under the temperature variations, shrinkage and creep of materials, traffic loads, etc. Recently, the first two full IABs were constructed on soft and stiff soil conditions in Louisiana by the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (DOTD). This report presents the field instrumentation plans and monitoring results for two bridges: Caminada Bay Bridge, constructed on mainly fine sand and silty sand deposit, and Bodcau Bayou Bridge, on a relatively lean and fat clay with low plasticity. Finite element modeling was also conducted to understand and assess the bridges’ performances. Based on the available information of the bridges, with the monitoring results, 3D numerical models were implemented and validated in the study, where the pile-soil and abutment-backfill interaction behaviors were considered. The concerning parameters are varied through a parametric study to further investigate their effects on the bridge thermal performances under the other complicated structural and geotechnical conditions.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 225p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01599324
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA/LA.13/517, LTRC Project No. 07-4ST
  • Contract Numbers: SIO Number: 3000131
  • Files: NTL, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: May 3 2016 3:27PM